By K. Feste
What coverage is better for the U.S. to minimize the specter of Islamic extremist terrorism? contemporary American presidents have utilized replacement clash solution ways. Clinton practiced clash avoidance, conversing tricky yet not often retaliating opposed to anti-American terrorist assaults. G. W. Bush followed a fighter procedure and the worldwide warfare on Terrorism and army interventions in Afghanistan and Iraq replicate this procedure. Obama brought a 3rd replacement: challenge fixing and lengthening peaceable overtures whereas maintaining resistance. Will the method be successful? Feste analyzes presidential rhetoric on counterterrorism coverage during the lens of factor framing, enemy aggression, self -hardship, and victimization expressed in quite a few speeches added by way of those leader executives to focus on and examine their clash solution techniques.
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Extra info for America Responds to Terrorism: Conflict Resolution Strategies of Clinton, Bush, and Obama (The Evolving American Presidency)
Until the invasion, the United States had no intention of committing military forces to defend South Korea. From the outset, North Korean aggression was assumed to be planned and inspired by the USSR; thus, the issue was not whether to intervene in a local civil war, but rather whether to resist a major Soviet test of American resolve. The perception that the invasion was a Soviet ploy to test American resolve switched the reference point to one defining the matter as a grave threat to the national interest.
The dynamics of terrorist activity connects to larger processes of world systemic change. During periods of system reorganization or hegemonic supremacy, terrorist activity is contained in either the periphery or the core structural locations and its ideological cast is pragmatic and relatively coherent, argue Lizardo and Bergesen (2004). ” The anarchist wave and religious wave fit into this category. indd 42 3/18/2011 5:40:03 PM Presidential Frames of Terrorism 43 states; in type three, terrorist activities originating in periphery or semiperiphery areas are turned against core states.
Threats of greater scope can effectively disrupt a wider range of political and social activities in a wider range of conditions, with adverse influences at many levels. Example: clandestine terrorist group infiltration into schools, prisons, military organizations, and government bureaucracies. National security threats are also classified on the basis of the aim of the adversary, varying from low level talk of invoking physical violence against a party, to moderate disruption in limited settings through small violent operations to large-scale attacks that aim at annihilation.